南三陸町と周辺地域への祈り

宮城県南三陸町(旧志津川町と歌津町)歌津の出身です。世界中の皆さんからのご支援に感謝です。本吉町・気仙沼市ゆかりの方、宮城県内・他県の皆さんも一緒に頑張りましょう!

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今回の津波は引き潮がすごかったので、海の様子を見に行ったり、船を引き上げに行こうとした漁師さんたちは「こりゃあ大きいのが来る」とすぐに逃げたそうです。

「今回は海に近い人ほど助かっている」という方もいるのを証明するように、南三陸町歌津の舘浜地区は行方不明者ゼロだそうです。
(このエリアは海に近いけれどすぐに高台があります)

被害に遭った方は、避難誘導に出られた消防の方、有名になった防災庁舎や役場にいた町職員の方が多いようです。

以前ミヤネ屋でヘリからの中継があった時、「第一波の後に逃げ遅れた方を・・・」と伝えたところで、雪のために途切れてしまいました。

地震や津波の勉強会をよくしているので、みんな第二波・第三波と続く可能性が高いと知っているんですね。


明治の教訓、15m堤防・水門が村守る…岩手(2011年4月3日22時05分 読売新聞)

東日本大震災 津波、史上最大…「明治三陸」超える(毎日新聞 4月24日)

岩手県の小さな村を大津波から救った「石碑」海外でも話題(Pouch 2011年04月24日)


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■明治の教訓、15m堤防・水門が村守る…岩手(2011年4月3日22時05分 読売新聞)

津波で壊滅的な被害を受けた三陸沿岸の中で、岩手県北部にある普代(ふだい)村を高さ15メートルを超える防潮堤と水門が守った。

 村内での死者数はゼロ(3日現在)。計画時に「高すぎる」と批判を浴びたが、当時の村長が「15メートル以上」と譲らなかった。

 「これがなかったら、みんなの命もなかった」。太田名部(おおたなべ)漁港で飲食店を営む太田定治さん(63)は高さ15・5メートル、全長155メートルの太田名部防潮堤を見上げながら話した。

 津波が襲った先月11日、店にいた太田さんは防潮堤に駆け上った。ほどなく巨大な波が港のすべてをのみ込んだが、防潮堤が食い止めてくれた。堤の上には太田さんら港内で働く約100人が避難したが、足もとがぬれることもなかった。

 村は、昆布やワカメの養殖が主な産業の漁村で、人口約3000人は県内の自治体で最も少ない。海に近く狭あいな普代、太田名部両地区に約1500人が暮らし、残る村人は高台で生活している。普代地区でも高さ15・5メートル、全長205メートルの普代水門が津波をはね返した。

 防潮堤は1967年に県が5800万円をかけ、水門も84年にやはり35億円を投じて完成した。既に一部が完成し60年にチリ地震津波を防ぎ、「万里の長城」と呼ばれた同県宮古市田老(たろう)地区の防潮堤(高さ10メートル)を大きく上回る計画は当初、批判を浴びた。

 村は1896年の明治三陸津波と1933年の昭和三陸津波で計439人の犠牲者を出した。当時の和村幸得村長(故人)が「15メートル以上」を主張した。「明治に15メートルの波が来た」という言い伝えが、村長の頭から離れなかったのだという。

 今回の津波で、宮古市田老地区は防潮堤が波にのまれ、数百人の死者・不明者を出した。岩手県全体で死者・行方不明者は8000人を超えた。

 普代村も防潮堤の外にある6か所の漁港は壊滅状態となり、船の様子を見に行った男性1人が行方不明になっている。深渡宏村長(70)は「先人の津波防災にかける熱意が村民を救った。まず村の完全復旧を急ぎ、沿岸に救いの手を伸ばす」と語った。



■東日本大震災 津波、史上最大…「明治三陸」超える(毎日新聞 4月24日)

東日本大震災で発生した大津波が、国内で過去最大の津波とされてきた明治三陸地震(1896年)による津波を超える規模だったことが、東京大地震研究所の現地調査で明らかになった。岩手県野田村から同県宮古市にわたる約40キロの海岸線の多くで、津波の到達した高さが20メートル以上に及び、5カ所で30メートルを超えた。明治三陸津波で遡上(そじょう)高が30メートルを超えたのは東北全体で2カ所だったことから同研究所は「明治三陸津波を超える津波だったと言える」と分析する。

 ◇30メートル超、5カ所…東大地震研調査

 調査は、同研究所の都司(つじ)嘉宣准教授(津波・古地震学)らが実施した。東日本大震災の津波については、津波の痕跡が発生後1~2カ月で消えてしまうため、今回の対象地域以外でも全国の津波研究者が分担して現地調査に取り組んでいる。

 都司准教授らの調査の結果、宮古市田老小堀内で津波の到達した高さが37.9メートルに及んだほか、同和野35.2メートル、同青野滝34.8メートル、宮古市・松月31.4メートル、同市・真崎30.8メートル--の計5カ所で30メートルを超えた。

 明治三陸津波で高台へ運ばれた大きな岩として有名な「津波石」(標高25メートル)が残る岩手県田野畑村の羅賀地区では津波石を超える27.8メートルに達した。明治三陸津波では岩手県大船渡市で38.2メートルを記録したが、30メートル超は他に同県陸前高田市の32.6メートルだけで、昭和三陸地震(1933年)による津波は最高28.7メートル(大船渡市)だった。

 都司准教授は「明治三陸津波で甚大な被害を受けたいくつかの地区は、今回も30メートル近い津波が到達したが、集落を高台に移していたため被害を免れた。今後まとまる被災地全体の調査結果を、復興計画に生かしてほしい」と話す。【永山悦子】

 ◇明治三陸地震と昭和三陸地震◇

 いずれも三陸地方に大きな津波被害をもたらした。明治三陸地震は、1896年に起きたマグニチュード(M)8クラスの地震。地震動による被害はなかったが、大津波が発生し、北海道から宮城県の太平洋岸で約2万2000人の死者を出した。昭和三陸地震は1933年に起きたM8.1の地震。津波によって3000人を超す死者・行方不明者が出た。


■岩手県の小さな村を大津波から救った「石碑」海外でも話題(Pouch 2011年04月24日)


岩手県宮古市の姉吉地区にある、大津浪記念碑。東日本大震災が引き起こした大津波は、この石碑の50メートル手前で止まり、この地に暮らす11世帯34名の人々の命を救いました。この奇跡は、海外でも紹介され「魔法の石碑」として話題になっています。

78年前に建設された大きさ約1.5メートルのこの石碑には、先人から将来の世代への警告が刻まれており、これまでも津波の度に人々の命を救ってきました。


「高き住居は児孫の和楽/想(おも)へ惨禍の大津浪/此処(ここ)より下に家を建てるな/明治二十九年にも、昭和八年にも津浪は此処まで来て/部落は全滅し、生存者、僅かに前に二人後に四人のみ/幾歳(いくとし)経るとも要心あれ」

石碑に記された「ここより下に家を建てるな」という言葉は、住民が過去2度も経験した大津波の悲劇をもうこの先味わってほしくないという思いが込められています。

この地域には、ほかにも津波にちなんだ地名が幾つも残されています。波が分け入って来たことに由来している、「浪分(なみわけ)」という地域。そして、津波による災害の生存者が集まった谷という意味の、南三陸町にある「残谷(のこりや)」。多くの村が、津波と共に生き抜いてきたのです。

これらの奇跡に対し、海外のネットユーザーからは「信じられない」「先祖の声をずっと信じ続けるのは偉い」「世界中のほかの地域も見習うべき」との声が寄せられています。

余震は今なお続いており、再び津波が起きる可能性もゼロではありません。また、今すぐの被害はなくとも、今後数十年の間に同じことが起こるともいわれています。その際に私たちは、先祖の教えを生かし、教訓にして、二度と悲劇を繰り返さないようにする努力をしなければなりません。大津浪石碑による姉吉地区の幸運が、それを証明しています。

(文=田端あんじ)

参照元:dailymail.co.uk(http://bit.ly/eT24cu

The mystic stone at tsunami tide's highest point that saved tiny Japanese village from the deadly waveBy Daily Mail Reporter
Last updated at 11:46 PM on 21st April 2011


Obelisk was erected by survivors of previous tsunamis to warn future generations

Doctor warns Fukushima 50 workers of health problems they face
Japanese government to announce financial help for nuclear plant owners Tepco

Legal no-go area officially comes into operation

UN chief warns world to expect more nuclear accidents
This four-foot high stone may look unremarkable, but it is credited with saving the lives of the population of Aneyoshi when the tsunami struck Japan.
Carved into its weather-worn rock is a warning - 'Do not build your homes below this point!' - because they would be at risk from floods in a tsunami.

The villagers obeyed the ancient warning and the tiny community of just 11 houses and 34 residents were rewarded with survival at a key geographical point.


(Prophetic: The stone tablet on the edge of the village of Aneyoshi, which the town's population credits with saving their lives)

Aneyoshi, in the mountains of stricken Iwate Prefecture, bears a significant mark of the national natural disaster.

Just 300ft down the hil from where the stone sits is a blue line painted on the road. It marks the point in Japan where the tsunami water reached its hightest point - 127.6 feet.

The previous record height reached by flood waters in Japan was 125.3ft, which was also reached in Iwate Prefecture during a tsunami in 1896.


It is Japan's history of tsunami's that led to these warning stones becoming a familiar sight along the coast of Japan as ancestors tried to warn future generations of the dangers. Some of the stones are 600 years old.

(Warning from history: The stones were set up by ancient Japanese because of the nation's vulnerability to huge waves)

'The tsunami stones are warnings across generations, telling descendants to avoid the same suffering of their ancestors,' Itoko Kitahara, a specialist in natural disasters at Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto, told the New York Times.

It was a tsunami in 1896 which killed 22,000 people that first convinced the people of Aneyoshi to move to their hilltop retreat and remain there.
After a period of stability the population renewed itself and slowly began moving back down the hill towards the coast, but a then in 1933 another tsunami struck and left four survivors.

It was after that disaster that the stone was erected and the village credits that with saving the village from a tsunami in 1960.

'They knew the horrors of tsunamis, so they erected that stone to warn us,' said Tamishige Kimura, 64, Aneyoshi's leader.

(Destruction: Below the safety line in Iwate Prefecture, this is the scale of the damage caused by the tsunami )

Japanese policemen continue the search for bodies inside the evacuation zone of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plan

However, the magnitude 9.0 earthquake on March 11 which killed 29,000 people was the most destructive to strike Japan since the Jogan earthquake in 869.
Although the village was unharmed, it still lost a family of four. Mihoko Aneishi, 36, and her three children were swept away in their car while in a neighbouring town.
The Aneyoshi stone informs 'high dwellings ensure the peace and happiness of our descendants' but a scared history of disasters is clear in many of the place names. Nokoriya translates as Valley of Survivors while Namiwake means or Wave’s Edge.

Many villages ignored the warnings on the stones, considering them relics of a bygone age, and built their houses closer to the coast. It proved a fatal mistake for so many.

'As time passes, people inevitably forget, until another tsunami comes that kills 10,000 more people,' said author and tsunami expert Fumio Yamashita.
No-one can forget the last disaster though and its effects continue to be felt.
In Fukushima, at the crippled nuclear power plant, workers battling the crisis are suffering from insomnia, dehydration and high blood pressure and are at risk of developing depression or heart trouble, said a doctor who met with them.
The crews have been fighting to get the radiation-spewing Fukushima Dai-ichi plant under control since it was crippled by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami that devastated northeastern Japan.
Meanwhile from midnight tonight Japan will ban people entering the 12-mile evacuation zone around the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.
The government had told people living within a 12-mile ring of the facility to leave soon after it was struck by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, and began leaking radiation.

Since then, some people have returned to their homes to collect personal possessions.
Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano told reporters that from now on people will only be allowed into the zone under government supervision.

(Distant echoes: Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych (right) and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon speak at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant)

'The conditions at the plant remain harsh,' said epidemiologist Takeshi Tanigawa.
'I am afraid that if this continues we will see a growing risk of health problems.'
Tanigawa, the Public Health Department chairman at Ehime University's medical school, said he met and spoke with 80 of the workers over four days when he was allowed into another nearby nuclear plant where many of them take their breaks.

He said he was not able to carry out full physical exams on the workers before leaving on Tuesday because of time constraints.
Tokyo Electric Power Co, the plant operator, said 245 workers from the company and affiliated companies were stationed at the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant on Wednesday. Soldiers, firefighters and police officers also were at the site.
The nuclear workers have been toiling around the clock to stabilize the plant. Tanigawa said they get little rest, no baths or fresh food and are under the constant threat of exposure to radiation, which remains so high in many places that robots are being used to take measurements.
Dr. Tanigawa said the work conditions don't meet the basic rights guaranteed workers by Japan's constitution. During their breaks at the Fukushima Daini plant, they often sleep on the floor of a gymnasium, 'wrapped only in blankets and with no privacy,' he said.

(A bicycle lies abandoned near the station in town of Minamisoma inside the evacuation zone in Fukushima )

(A lone woman wanders the deserted streets of Minamisoma, which has been left deserted in the wake of the tsunami and nuclear disaster)


Photographs of the gymnasium show workers in white radiation protection suits sitting on gold metallic mats laid in tight rows on the floor. Boxes of supplies are stacked nearby.
'Because they sleep so close to each other, snoring is a big problem,' he said.

'Normally, that might sound funny, but in this case it is denying people sleep and that can lead to bad performance on the job.'
The workers, most of them middle-aged men, suffer insomnia and show signs of dehydration and high blood pressure, he said. One had gout. Tanigawa said he is concerned they may develop depression or heart problems.
'Making sure they have a shower or a bath or a proper place to sleep is not just to make them comfortable, but to ensure good performance,' he said.
Dr.Tanigawa said the mental stress of the job is deepened by the fear of radiation exposure, the concerns of their loved ones - many don't want the men to stay on at the plant - and the fact that many of the workers themselves lost homes or family in the tsunami.
TEPCO said the situation has become difficult as the crisis has become protracted.
'We think that we have worked to improve food, sleep hours and off days so that working conditions are improving,' it said in a statement.


(An elderly woman prepares lunch in her little partitioned unit divided by cardboard walls at an evacuation centre for people effected by the tsunami in Miyako, Iwate Prefecture)


'We would like to work on further improvements, taking Dr. Tanigawa's views into account.'
Dr. Tanigawa said that although emergency conditions may have justified harsh working hours in the early days of the crisis, the situation has now "become chronic."
'They have struggled for a month. But they haven't gotten any rest,' he said.
'TEPCO and the government don't think about them. The workers must do a good job, but they do not have any support," he said.
With the heat of summer approaching, the health risks could multiply.
The workers now have three meals a day, but no fresh meat or vegetables.
'They get microwave food,' he said.
The warning stones are commonplace in coastline communities across Japan, and in Iwate in particular
They put in four days, then have two off, but many feel they can't leave, he said.
'They feel a deep sense of responsibility to be there,' he said.

'I asked many if they wanted to stop, but they responded, "Who would do this if I didn't?".'
An anonymous worker identified as having recently worked at the plant's Unit 2 turbine building said in an interview on TV Asahi on Wednesday that the site 'is just like a battlefield.'
The man, whose face was shown out of focus so he could not be identified, said the turbine building was normally not radioactive, but a dosimeter beeped soon after he and his fellow workers entered the area to prepare to transfer radiation-contaminated water out of the building.
'We were shocked by the high level of radiation,' he said, adding that they were so afraid of radiation it was hard to concentrate.
'I work at the plant just because I want to save my hometown,' the worker said.

'We are the ones who have worked at the nuclear plant all this time. Who else would take the job now if we don't?'
The Japanese government is next week expected to announce a financial support scheme for Tokyo Electric Power Co (Tepco), the operator of the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant.

The government is considering setting up a fund that would buy preferred shares from Tepco.

The fund would provide loans to Tepco for it to pay compensation to those affected by the crisis at the nuclear plant in northern Japan, which was damaged by the March 11 tsunami. It will allow Tepco to remain a private company listed on stock exchanges.
Tepco's latest safety measure has been to install 210-MW gas turbines at its Ohi plant in Tokyo in July.

(Still fighting: Smoke belches from the area of the No. 3 reactor of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, where workers are enduring terrible conditions )

The move is part of the emergency measures to avoid power outages when consumption peaks in the summer, the company said, after last month's earthquake crippled its Fukushima nuclear station and stopped operations at other plants.

Meanwhile, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has said the world must be prepared for the inevitability of more nuclear disasters.

He was speaking at a at a Kiev conference commemorating the explosion of a reactor at Ukraine's Chernobyl nuclear reactor 25 years ago.
'To many, nuclear energy looks to be a relatively clean and logical choice in an era of increasing resource scarcity,' said Mr Ban.

'Yet the record requires us to ask painful questions: have we correctly calculated its risks and costs? Are we doing all we can to keep the world's people safe?'.
'The unfortunate truth is that we are likely to see more such disasters.'
The ongoing crisis at Japan's Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant was triggered by last month's huge earthquake and the ensuing tsunami that flooded the plant.
'Climate change means more incidents of freak weather,' Mr Ban said in Kiev.

'Our vulnerability will only grow.'
He spoke just a few hundred yards from the exploded Chernobyl reactor, which is now covered by a hastily erected sarcophagus.
The sarcophagus has gone past its expected service life and work has begun to build an enormous shelter that will be rolled over the reactor building. The new shelter, designed to last 100 years, is expected to be in place by 2015, but a substantial amount of money for the project is still lacking.
The Chernobyl explosion on April 26, 1986, spewed a cloud of radioactive fallout over much of Europe and forced hundreds of thousands from their homes in the most heavily hit areas.
A 19-mile area radiating from the plant remains uninhabited except for some plant workers who

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